You are here: Home Published Research Up-regulation of MUC18 in airway epithelial cells by IL-13: implications in bacterial adherence.

Glenn C Simon, Richard J Martin, Sean Smith, Jyoti Thaikoottathil, Russell P Bowler, Stephen J Barenkamp, and Hong W Chu (2011)

Up-regulation of MUC18 in airway epithelial cells by IL-13: implications in bacterial adherence.

American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology, 44(5):606–613.

Airway bacterial infections are a major problem in lung diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and cystic fibrosis. Increased Th2 cytokines, such as IL-13, are observed in lung diseases and may contribute to bacterial infections. How Th2 cytokines affect bacterial infection remains unknown. MUC18, an adhesion molecule shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of malignant melanoma, has been recently identified in airway epithelial cells of patients with COPD. We investigated MUC18 regulation by IL-13 and the role of MUC18 in bacterial adherence to epithelial cells. Human airway tissues, brushed bronchial epithelial cells from normal subjects and subjects with asthma, and epithelial cell lines (e.g., HEK293 cells) were used to study the regulation of MUC18 by IL-13 and the involvement of MUC18 in bacterial (e.g., Mycoplasma pneumoniae [Mp] and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae [NTHi]) adherence to epithelial cells. Asthmatic bronchial epithelium expressed higher levels of MUC18 than normal bronchial epithelium. IL-13 increased MUC18 in cultured bronchial epithelial cells from normal subjects and particularly from subjects with asthma. IL-13-induced MUC18 expression may be modulated in part through transcription factor specificity protein 1. Overexpression of human MUC18 in HEK293 cells increased cell-associated Mp and NTHi levels. Moreover, MUC18 was shown to directly interact with Mp and NTHi. These results for the first time show that an allergic airway milieu (e.g., IL-13) increases MUC18 expression, which may contribute to increased bacterial infection/colonization in asthma and other lung diseases.

Adult, Aged, Antigens, CD146, Asthma, Bacterial Adhesion, Bronchi, Epithelial Cells, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Interleukin-13, Lung, Male, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Th2 Cells, Up-Regulation
Adult, Aged, Antigens, CD146, Asthma, Bacterial Adhesion, Bronchi, Epithelial Cells, Female, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Humans, Interleukin-13, Lung, Male, Middle Aged, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive, Th2 Cells, Up-Regulation
 
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