You are here: Home Published Research Transcutaneous immunization as preventative and therapeutic regimens to protect against experimental otitis media due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae.

L. A Novotny, J. D Clements, and L. O Bakaletz (2011)

Transcutaneous immunization as preventative and therapeutic regimens to protect against experimental otitis media due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae.

Mucosal immunology, 4(4):456–467.

We have developed three nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHI) adhesin-derived immunogens that are significantly efficacious against experimental otitis media (OM) due to NTHI when delivered parenterally. We now expanded our preventative immunization strategies to include transcutaneous immunization (TCI) as a less invasive, but potentially equally efficacious, regimen to prevent OM due to NTHI. Additionally, we examined the potential of TCI as a therapeutic immunization regimen to resolve ongoing experimental OM. Preventative immunization with NTHI outer membrane protein (OMP) P5- and type IV pilus-targeted immunogens, delivered with the adjuvant LT(R192G-L211A), induced significantly earlier clearance of NTHI from the nasopharynges and middle ears of challenged chinchillas compared with receipt of immunogen or adjuvant alone. Moreover, therapeutic immunization resulted in significant resolution of established NTHI biofilms from the middle ear space of animals compared with controls. These data advocate TCI with the adhesin-directed immunogens as an efficacious regimen for prevention and resolution of experimental NTHI-induced OM.

Adhesins, Bacterial, Administration, Cutaneous, Animals, Antibodies, Bacterial, Biomass, Cell Movement, Chinchilla, Dendritic Cells, Disease Models, Animal, Ear Auricle, Ear, Middle, Haemophilus Infections, Haemophilus influenzae, Immunization, Immunoglobulin A, Immunoglobulin G, Nasal Lavage Fluid, Nasopharynx, Otitis Media
Adhesins, Bacterial, Administration, Cutaneous, Animals, Antibodies, Bacterial, Biomass, Cell Movement, Chinchilla, Dendritic Cells, Disease Models, Animal, Ear Auricle, Ear, Middle, Haemophilus Infections, Haemophilus influenzae, Immunization, Immunoglobulin A, Immunoglobulin G, Nasal Lavage Fluid, Nasopharynx, Otitis Media
 
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