You are here: Home Published Research Effects of cigarette smoke on TLR activation of COPD macrophages.

Hannah J Metcalfe, Simon Lea, Dominic Hughes, Rana Khalaf, Katherine Abbott-Banner, and Dave Singh (2014)

Effects of cigarette smoke on TLR activation of COPD macrophages.

Clinical and experimental immunology.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is characterized by an abnormal innate immune response. We have investigated the changes in the innate immune response of COPD alveolar macrophages exposed to both cigarette smoke and Toll-like Receptor (TLR) stimulation.

 
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