You are here: Home Published Research Transcriptome signature in young children with acute otitis media due to non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae.

Keyi Liu, Linlin Chen, Ravinder Kaur, and Michael E Pichichero (2013)

Transcriptome signature in young children with acute otitis media due to non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae.

International immunology, 25(6):353–361.

Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) causes acute otitis media (AOM) in young children. In our recent paper in Microbes and Infection we described the transcriptome signature elicited from PBMCs at onset of AOM caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. In the current study we found very different results with NTHi AOM infections; 5.1% of 29 187 genes were differentially regulated by more than 2-fold at the onset of AOM compared with the pre-infection healthy state in the same children. Among the 1487 transcripts, 100 genes associated with the immune defense response were specifically analyzed. About half of the differentially regulated genes associated with antibacterial activity and the cell-mediated immune response were activated and half were suppressed. The important signatures for NTHi in children suggested that the balance of the immune response was toward suppression. Moreover, 90% of the genes associated with a pro-inflammatory cytokine response were down-regulated. The genes associated with the classic complement pathway were down-regulated, although the alternative complement pathway genes were up-regulated. These results provide the first human transcriptome data identifying gene expression in the immune response to be predominantly down-regulated at the onset of AOM due to NTHi.

Acute Disease, Haemophilus Infections, Haemophilus influenzae, Humans, Infant, Male, Otitis Media, Transcriptome
Acute Disease, Haemophilus Infections, Haemophilus influenzae, Humans, Infant, Male, Otitis Media, Transcriptome
 
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