You are here: Home Published Research Molecular cloning and characterization of the nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae 2019 rfaE gene required for lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis.

N. G Lee, M. G Sunshine, and M. A Apicella (1995)

Molecular cloning and characterization of the nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae 2019 rfaE gene required for lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis.

Infection and immunity, 63(3):818–824.

The lipooligosaccharide (LOS) of nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) is an important factor in pathogenesis and virulence. In an attempt to elucidate the genes involved in LOS biosynthesis, we have cloned the rfaE gene from NTHi 2019 by complementing a Salmonella typhimurium rfaE mutant strain with an NTHi 2019 plasmid library. The rfaE mutant synthesizes lipopolysaccharide (LPS) lacking heptose, and the rfaE gene is postulated to be involved in ADP-heptose synthesis. Retransformation with the plasmid containing 4 kb of NTHi DNA isolated from a reconstituted mutant into rfaE mutants gave wild-type LPS phenotypes. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis confirmed the conversion of the rfaE mutant LPS to a wild-type LPS phenotype. Sequence analysis of a 2.4-kb BglII fragment revealed two open reading frames. One open reading frame encodes the RfaE protein with a molecular weight of 37.6 kDa, which was confirmed by in vitro transcription and translation, and the other encodes a polypeptide highly homologous to the Escherichia coli HtrB protein. These two genes are transcribed from the same promoter region into opposite directions. Primer extension analysis of the rfaE gene revealed a single transcription start site at 37 bp upstream of the predicted translation start site. The upstream promoter region contained a sequence (TA AAAT) homologous to the -10 region of the bacterial sigma 70-dependent promoters at an appropriate distance (7 bp), but not sequence resembling the consensus sequence of the -35 region was found. These studies demonstrate the ability to use complementation of defined LPS defects in members of the family Enterobacteriaceae to identify LOS synthesis genes in NTHi.

Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins, Base Sequence, Carbohydrate Sequence, Cloning, Molecular, Genes, Bacterial, Genetic Complementation Test, Genomic Library, Glycosyltransferases, Haemophilus influenzae, Lipopolysaccharides, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Restriction Mapping, Salmonella typhimurium, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
Amino Acid Sequence, Bacterial Proteins, Base Sequence, Carbohydrate Sequence, Cloning, Molecular, Genes, Bacterial, Genetic Complementation Test, Genomic Library, Glycosyltransferases, Haemophilus influenzae, Lipopolysaccharides, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Restriction Mapping, Salmonella typhimurium, Sequence Analysis, DNA, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
 
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